Magento Grid Column Renderer with DB queries

Today I’ve found weird piece of code in NameSpace_Module_Block_Product_Widget_Grid_Column_Renderer_PreparationWarehouse which affects extremely performance when loading a grid in the backend.

The grid was used to display the history of sales orders with all items per order. From the order head only 10 different columns had been used but from the sales order item lot of more columns were needed.

For each sales order item column the previous authors have created a custom renderer and each renderer loaded the sales order item object depending on the parent sales order. There was no sharing per line. So you can figure out that per line for nearly each column there was a DB query …

class NameSpace_Module_Block_Product_Edit_Tabs_SalesHistoryOrdersGrid 
    extends Mage_Adminhtml_Block_Widget_Grid
    protected function _prepareColumns()
	  // more column definitions
        $this->addColumn('preparation_warehouse', array(
            'header'     => Mage::helper('Module')->__('Preparation<br>Warehouses'),
            'index'      => 'preparation_warehouse',
            'product_id' => $this->_getProduct()->getId(),
            'field_name' => 'preparation_warehouse',
            'renderer'   => 'Module/product_widget_grid_column_renderer_preparationWarehouse',
            'align'      => 'center',
            'filter'     => false,
            'sortable'   => false

Here is the renderer:

class NameSpace_Module_Block_Product_Widget_Grid_Column_Renderer_PreparationWarehouse extends
    public function render(Varien_Object $row)
        /** @var $row NameSpace_Module_Model_Sales_Order */
        $html      = '';
        $orderId   = $row->getId();
        $productId = $this->getColumn()->getproduct_id();

        $orderItem = Mage::getModel('sales/order_item')
            ->addFieldToFilter('order_id', $orderId)
            ->addFieldToFilter('product_id', $productId)

        $orderItemId = $orderItem->getId();

        $item                     = Mage::getModel('Module/SalesFlatOrderItem')->load($orderItemId);
        $preparationWarehouseCode = $item->getpreparation_warehouse();
        if ($preparationWarehouseCode) {
            $preparationWarehouse = Mage::getModel('Module/Warehouse')->load($preparationWarehouseCode);
            $html .= $preparationWarehouse->getstock_name();
        } else
            $html .= '<font color="red">' . $this->__('Undefined') . '</font>';

        return $html;

A little explanation before we figure out what is wrong here:

The PreparationWarehouse is saved per sales/order_item because one order item can be shipped from a different warehouse.

The entity Module/SalesFlatOrderItem is an additional table which extends in a very very bad way the sales_flat_order_item table/entity.

During my helicopter code review I’ve figured out that the whole grid implementation was screwed up.

After refactoring of NameSpace_Module_Block_Product_Edit_Tabs_SalesHistoryOrdersGrid I’ve completely deleted the column renderer PreparationWarehouse and many other renderers.

The SalesHistoryOrdersGrid relied on only 10 different columns on the sales/order table but more DB retrieval work has been done in all the column renderers.

The PreparationWarehouse was the worst one of all.

After switching the collection in the SalesHistoryOrdersGrid to

        $this->_collection = Mage::getModel('sales/order_item')->getCollection();
            ['so' => 'sales/order'],
            'main_table.order_id = so.entity_id AND main_table.product_id = ' . $this->_getProduct()->getId(),
                'so_created_at' => 'so.created_at',

all column renderers can now be removed and a simple option list or even the default text fields have been reimplemented.

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